82. Why did Russia offered Alaska to U.S. ?
Russia offered Alaska to the US in 1859, because they wanted the US to "off-set the designs of Russia's greatest rival in the Pacific, Great Britain." The Civil War in the US delayed the sale, but after the war, Secretary of State William Seward accepted Russia's renewed offer. On March 30, 1865, he agreed to a proposal from the Russian minister Eduoard de Stoeckl, and bought Alaska for 7.2 million dollars. The Senate approved the treaty on April 9th, Andrew Johnson signed it on May 28th, and Alaska was officially transferred to the US on October 18th.