TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com
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TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com


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TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

Speaking Questions October 24, 2015: 1 what do you like to do on weekends? Attending sport events, visiting friends, cooking. 2 Robots will replace human beings in many works. Do you agree or disagree?
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

Writing Topic: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: In the past people were friendlier than they are today.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

Writing topic October 11, 2015: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Is it a waste of money for government to fund money on the space travel or space explorations.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

It is highly suggested you review the independent topics in the attached file:👆👆👆👆👆👆
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

October 31, 2015: Speaking Topics: 1: what kind of activity do you think will help children to take responsibility. 2:what will you choose when you move from a place to another? wear headset or go in slience.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

Writing Topic: which one is the most important for teacher? ability to give advice about planning for future. ability to recognize students that need help , ability to encourage students learn outside the classroom by themselves.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

A website where you can download lectures and conversations to improve your listening skills: http://www.english-test.net/toefl/
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

A Concise Advanced Grammar 👆👆👆👆👆👆👆👆
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

You can download the answer key:👆👆👆👆👆👆
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

A useful app to review categorized vocabulary! 👆
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

Word of the Day: OSTENSIBLE (ah-STEN-si-bul)
Apparent, appearing or seeming to be true, professed or declared as true
without being demonstrated or proved.
More difficult synonyms of ostensible include plausible (PLAW-zi-bul)
and specious (SPEE-shus). Specious, however, has the negative
suggestion of using deception to make something false appear true. A
specious argument is one that looks good on the surface but is flawed
underneath.
Ostensible is often used in opposition to real or actual. An ostensible
motive is not necessarily a real motive; an ostensible advantage is not
necessarily an actual advantage. Ostensible means apparent, stated as
true but not necessarily proved.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

Attached you can find some sample responses by a TOEFL candidate who got a full score(30/30) in the speaking section. Alireza's overall score is 111/120.👆👆👆👆👆
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

TOEFL iBT November 7, 2015 A test-taker's experience: 👆👆👆👆👆
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

Word of the Day:
CANDOR
(KAN-dur)
Frankness, openness, sincere expression.
Synonyms include straightforwardness, outspokenness, forthrightness,
and ingenuousness. Candor is the noun; the adjective is candid, frank,
open, sincere.
The candid person expresses his or her thoughts frankly and openly, with
no hesitation. The forthright person speaks directly to the point, plainly and
sometimes bluntly, in a no-nonsense manner. The ingenuous
(in-JEN-yoo-us) person speaks honestly and sincerely, with no hint of
evasiveness or deception.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

TOEFL iBT November 8, 2015- Speaking Question 1: The school has been funding for students to participate in different types of activities, but this year
due to the lack of money, the school will fund one activity, which one do you think is the one the school
should fund: sports, arts and volunteering.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

TOEFL iBT November 8, 2015- Speaking Question 2: If a tourist is going to visit your countr, what do you advise him/her to bring along? why?
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

TOEFL iBT November 8, 2015: Writing topic: Some university professors let their students choose their research topics themselves. Some do not. Which one do you thinks is better. Why?
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

Some useful sentences and phrases which can be used in TOEFL writing👆👆👆👆👆
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

A perfect guide to TOEFL iBT by ETS👆👆👆👆👆👆
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

November 14, 2015 TOEFL iBT Topic
November 14, 2015 TOEFL iBT Topic
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

Word of the Day:
PRAGMATIC
(prag-MAT-ik)
Practical, having to do with actual practice, concerned with everyday affairs
as opposed to theory or speculation.
Pragmatic comes from the Latin pragmaticus, which means skilled in
business or law. The lawyer is concerned with evidence and proof; the
businessperson is concerned with facts and figures. Both have little time for idle speculation or harebrained schemes. Both must be pragmatic,
concerned with practical, everyday affairs.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

November 15, 2015- TOEFL iBT Speaking question 1: which of the following do you think the university should reward; volunteer service, athletic achievement, or academic performance?
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November 15, 2015- TOEFL iBT Speaking question 2: Which courses do you think schools should offer to students: language courses or computer courses?
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November 15, 2015- TOEFL iBT Writing Independent task: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
the more money people have, the more they should contribute to charity.
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Word of the Day:
CONGENIAL
(kun-JEE-nee-ul)
Sympathetic, agreeable, compatible, kindred, harmonious, having the same
taste, nature, or temperament.
Congenial persons have similar or sympathetic tastes, interests, or
personalities. Congenial things agree, go well together.
Antonyms, or opposites, of congenial are alien, dissident (DIS-uh-dint),
and incongruous (in-KAHNG-groo-us).
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

November 15, 2015- TOEFL iBT Reading Section- Vocabulary questions:
Inevitable> certain
Surplus> extra
Accordingly> correspondingly
Cluster> group
Enormous> huge
Conspicuous> obvious
Endure> withstand
Task> job
Unfavorable> disadvantageous
Trigger> initiate
Reinforce> strengthen
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November 14, 2015- TOEFL iBT Reading Section- Vocabulary questions:
Exclusively> solely
Conventional> standard
Stagnation> without growth
Mimic> reproduce
Initial> original
Vast> huge
Implication> consequence
Inhibited> constrained
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

Word of the Day:
OBLIGATORY
(uh-BLIG-uh-tor-ee)
Required, necessary, binding, mandatory.
Obligatory duties are those you must perform to fulfill an obligation or
responsibility. Doing miscellaneous paperwork is an obligatory function of
the clerical worker.
Do not pronounce the initial o in obligatory like the o in open. Pronounce
it like the a in above.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

Word of the Day:
NEGLIGIBLE
(NEG-li-ji-bul)
Unimportant, trifling, of little consequence.
That which is negligible can be neglected. A negligible concern can be
disregarded; it is so trivial and insignificant that it warrants little or no
attention.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

Word of the Day:
SPORADIC
(spuh-RAD-ik
or
spor-AD-ik)
Occasional, infrequent, irregular, not constant, happening from time to time,
occurring in a scattered or random way.
A business venture may have sporadic success. A gambler's luck may
be sporadic. Sporadic crimes are crimes scattered throughout a city or
neighborhood. Sporadic outbreaks of a disease in the population are
occasional, isolated outbreaks.
Antonyms of sporadic include constant, incessant (in-SES-int), and
unremitting.
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A popular topic on TOEFL Test especially in the reading section: It is recommended you take a cursory glance at the information presented on the following page:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Egypt
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

TOEFL iBT November 21, 2015 writing topic: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The most important things people learn are from families.
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TOEFL iBT November 21, 2015 speaking topic- Task 1: Talk about one of your special ways to study.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

TOEFL iBT November 21, 2015 speaking topic- @aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Task 2: Do you agree or disagree that it is acceptable for students to disagree with their instructors?
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TOEFL iBT November 21, 2015 speaking topic- @aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Task 3: The University is planning to open the university gym to people off-campus due to two reasons. The first reason is that the university can charge them a monthly fee and use the money to upgrade the gym facilities. And the second reason is that it won't affect students' life that much. In the conversation, the woman agrees with the plan. Her first reason is that it's necessary now for the university to upgrade the facilities because some of them are really old, this way the university doesn't have to charge the students or the faculty. As for the second reason, she mentions that it's a pretty small town anyway, so not a lot of people will use the gym and it won't make too big a difference for students.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

TOEFL iBT November 21, 2015 speaking topic- @aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Task 4: In the lecture, the professor introduces the concept of generalizing which means children are able to realize that a word doesn't only mean a specific object but means other objects of the same category as they grow up. He offers us an example of his own son. When he was much younger, he learnt the word 'train', at first his understanding of this word was pretty limited, he thought it only referred to his toy train. But as he grew up, it came to his understanding that the word 'train' not only refers to his toy train but also other real trains in life. That's how the professor uses the example of his son to illustrate the concept of generalizing.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

TOEFL iBT November 21, 2015 speaking topic- @aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Task 5: The man's problem is that he wants to go on a trip with his French club during spring break, but he can't afford it. There are two possible solutions for him. The first solution is to pick up some extra shifts at work. And the second solution is to sell his guitar and use the money for the trip. If I were in his shoes, I'd go for the second solution because I don't see the importance of his guitar in his life, it's not like he's going to be a musician or something, it wouldn't hurt to sell it and use the money for the trip he really wants to take. I personally don't recommend the other solution because he has an upcoming exam and picking up extra shifts would take up the time he's supposed to spend on studying.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

TOEFL iBT November 21, 2015 speaking topic- @aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Task 6: In the lecture, the professor introduces two benefits of loyal customers. The first one is to spread positive information about the company. For example, there's a guy whose car broke down, so he took it to a repair shop, he really enjoyed the service there and thought it was nice and attentive. So next time if his friend's car broke down, he would definitely recommend this repair shop to his friend. The other benefit is that loyal customers can be helpful to the other customers. For example, the professor encountered a guy who couldn't find books about history when she was in her favorite bookstore, so she led the guy to where all the history books were directly without troubling a shop assistant.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

TOEFL iBT November 21, 2015 - @aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Listening Words+ Some Frequently Used Key Words on TOEFL iBT: It is highly recommended you review them because they are used repeatedly on TOEFL and TPO tests:
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
environmental protection
preserve
pollute, pollution, pollutant
contaminate
preserve v.
disastrous
devastation
vegetation
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deforestation
landslide
mudslide
Landscape
Acid rain
greenhouse effect
worsening
deteriorate
global warming
Unleaded petrol
living organism
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bacterium(pl. bacteria)
algae
coral
rodent
primate
ape
mammal
bat (eco-location)
Snowshoe hare
Raccoon
polar bear
Snout
Reptile
Pollen n.
pollinate
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Hibernate
migrate v.
communicate v.
camouflage
evolve
endotherm n.
beak
kiln,
melt
copper
ash
skull
Cranial
Stone Age
Bronze Age
Iron Age
Paleolithic
Mesolithic
Neolithic
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Exhume
prehistoric
primitive
art restoration
thesis/essay/dissertation
journal
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Social investigation
survey
questionnaire
observation
interview
collect data
broad
narrow down
critical thinking
deadline
extension
due date/time
outline n. (roadmap)
bibliography
plagiarism
final draft
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
global climate
obsidian
anthropologist
ecological
anthropologist
archaeology
anthropology
morphology
Ancient civilization
origin
originate
ancestor
hominid
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Homogeneous
tribe
clan
portrait(portray)
still(adj)
sculpture
statue
critic
criticism
review(n.)
masterpiece
aesthetic value
aesthetic appeal
feature(v)
characteristics
distinct adj.
unique
brush
canvas
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charcoal drawing
engraving
landscape painting
lithograph
fresco
mural
key species
foundation
otter
urchin
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TOEFL iBT November 21, 2015 Reading Vocabulary Questions- @aalaeeTOEFLiBT
acute: severe
Augment: increase: boost
commonplace: ordinary
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Compatible: well-matched
conceivable: imaginable
consistent
dismiss: reject
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eminent: distinguished
endure: survive
excrete: release
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
exploit"; take advantage of
hazardous: dangerous
notion: idea
Optimal: optimum: best
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
relatively: comparatively
rudimentary: primitive
significant: important
Straightforward: frank: candid
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
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Reading Passage 1: Make sure you look up the new words! History and ancient civilizations are popular topics on the test: @aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Irrigation has been an important base for agriculture in Mesopotamia (what is now Iraq and part of Iran) for 6000 years. But Mesopotamia is very different from Egypt. Mesopotamia has low rainfall, and is supplied with surface water by only two major rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates. Although they are much smaller than of the Nile, they have much more dramatic spring floods, from snowmelt in the highlands of Anatolia, and they carry more silt. Furthermore, the plains of Mesopotamia are very flat, and poorly drained, so that the region has always had persistent problems with poor soil, drought, catastrophic flooding, silting, and soil salinity.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Mesopotamian engineers had to worry about water storage and flood control as well as irrigation. Silt built up quickly in the canals, threatening to choke them. This could be overcome by constant dredging as long as organization and manpower were available. The other problem was more insidious, and could not be overcome by the engineering available at the time. It was difficult to drain water off the fields, and there was always a tendency for salt to build up in the soil.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Although the plain of Mesopotamia is very flat, the bed of the Euphrates is higher than that of the Tigris; in fact, Euphrates floods sometimes found their way across country into the Tigris. Engineers used this gradient as soon as irrigation schemes became large enough, using the Euphrates water as the supply, and the Tigris channel as a drain.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Mesopotamia has had times of successful irrigation, and times of silt and salinity crises: the latter around 2000 BC, 1100 BC, and after 1200 AD. The first crisis may have been caused by water politics. In any irrigation system, the farmers most downstream are those most likely to be short of water in a dry year, or to receive the most polluted water. In Sumeria, the city of Lagash was rather far downstream in the canal system based on the Euphrates. Apparently Entemanna of Lagash decided that he would instead cut a canal to tap Tigris water, but the addition of poor-quality water led to rapid salinization of the soil.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
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@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Reading Passage 2: Make sure you look up the new words! Biology: a popular topic!
Homeostasis is the process of regulating the internal environment to maintain a stable, constant condition, typically in a living organism. There are two ways in which an organism can maintain a stable internal temperature: by regulating their internal temperature to best suit their needs, or conforming their internal temperature to the external temperature.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
A regulator is also known as an endotherm. A regulator uses internal control mechanisms to maintain the optimum temperature needed for its body to function. Mammals and birds are examples of regulators. They are often described as warm blooded because they maintain a constant body temperature. For example, if the climate around a regulator gets hotter, the animal can adjust its metabolism to lessen the need for heat production.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT Advantages and Disadvantages of Regulators
The advantage of being a regulator is that the organism can function in a wide variety of environments. However, thermal stability comes at a price, as the automatic regulation system requires the animal to take in additional energy.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
A conformer is also called an ectotherm. A conformer cannot regulate its own internal temperature so it must adapt its behavior, physically moving itself to environments with optimum temperatures. Reptiles, amphibians and insects are all conformers and are often referred to as cold blooded. For example, a lizard may lie on a rock in the sun to raise its body temperature, as it cannot regulate it internally.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
The disadvantage of being a conformer is that the organism may become sluggish at low temperatures. The advantage is that very little energy is required.
Regulators use internal control mechanisms to maintain the best temperature for their body. Conformers move to places with a good temperatures for survival, because they cannot self regulate their internal temperature.
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

Reading Passage: Make sure you look up the new words! @aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Wegener and his predecessors
The hypothesis that the continents had once formed a single landmass before breaking apart and drifting to their present locations was first presented by Alfred Wegener to the German Geological Society on 6 January 1912.Although Wegener's theory was formed independently and was more complete than those of his predecessors, Wegener later credited a number of past authors with similar ideas: Franklin Coxworthy (between 1848 and 1890), Roberto Mantovani (between 1889 and 1909), William Henry Pickering (1907) and Frank Bursley Taylor (1908).
Evidence that continents 'drift'
Evidence for the movement of continents on tectonic plates is now extensive. Similar plant and animal fossils are found around different continent shores, suggesting that they were once joined. The fossils of Mesosaurus, a freshwater reptile rather like a small crocodile, found both in Brazil and South Africa, are one example; another is the discovery of fossils of the land reptile Lystrosaurus from rocks of the same age from locations in South America, Africa, and Antarctica. There is also living evidence-the same animals being found on two continents. Some earthworm families (e.g.: Ocnerodrilidae, Acanthodrilidae, Octochaetidae) are found in South America and Africa, for instance.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT

The complementary arrangement of the facing sides of South America and Africa is obvious, but is a temporary coincidence. In millions of years, slab pull and ridge-push, and other forces of tectonophysics will further separate and rotate those two continents. It was this temporary feature which inspired Wegener to study what he defined as continental drift, although he did not live to see his hypothesis become generally accepted.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Widespread distribution of Permo-Carboniferous glacial sediments in South America, Africa, Madagascar, Arabia, India, Antarctica and Australia was one of the major pieces of evidence for the theory of continental drift. The continuity of glaciers, inferred from oriented glacial striations and deposits called tillites, suggested the existence of the supercontinent of Gondwana, which became a central element of the concept of continental drift. Striations indicated glacial flow away from the equator and toward the poles, in modern coordinates, and supported the idea that the southern continents had previously been in dramatically different locations, as well as contiguous with each other.
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Important Note about SPEAKING and WRITING RE-SCORING:
Can test-takers request a score review of their Speaking and/or Writing responses?
Yes, you can request a score review up to 30 days after your test date.
Note: Your test cannot be reviewed if you have already requested that your scores be sent to an institution or agency.
You can make the request for review of either the Speaking or the Writing section (US$80 each), or you can request review of both the Speaking and Writing sections (US$160). Complete the Score Review Request Form (PDF) and send it along with the required fee to the address on the form. If you are paying by credit/debit card, you can fax the form. The results will be available approximately 3 weeks after we receive your request and payment
TOEFL iBT by aalaee.com

TOEFL iBT November 28, 2015 Writing Topic:
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Is it more important for the government to spend money on art and music museums than on facilities like playgrounds, public swimming pool?
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Reading Passage: Make sure you look up the new words!
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
The Fall of the Western Roman Empire was the period of decline in the Western Roman Empire in which it disintegrated and split into numerous successor states. By 476 AD, when Odoacer deposed the Emperor Romulus, the Western Roman Empire wielded negligible military, political, or financial power and had no effective control over the scattered Western domains that could still be described as Roman.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Invading "barbarians" had established their own polities on most of the area of the Western Empire. While its legitimacy lasted for centuries longer and its cultural influence remains today, the Western Empire never had the strength to rise again. In 376 AD, large numbers of Goths crossed the Danube River. They sought admission to the territory of the Roman Empire, a political institution which, despite both new and longstanding systematic weaknesses, wielded effective power across the lands surrounding the Mediterranean and beyond. The Empire had large numbers of trained, supplied, and disciplined soldiers, it had a comprehensive civil administration based in thriving cities with effective control over public finances. Among its literate elite it had ideological legitimacy as the only worthwhile form of civilization and a cultural unity based on comprehensive familiarity with Greek and Roman literature and rhetoric. The Empire's power allowed it to maintain extreme differences of wealth and status (including slavery on a large scale} and its wide-ranging trade networks permitted even modest households to use goods made by professionals a long way away.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
The events of the decline became the subject of debate at the time, which often took on a strongly religious flavor. Like the events surrounding the fall of the Roman Republic, much of this period is unusually well-documented, though there are very few statistics which directly describe the strength of the economy, army, civil administration, or 'barbarians". Modern historians nevertheless debate the relative importance of these and other factors, in particular, whether the state was significantly weaker by 376 than it had been in previous centuries, and why the West collapsed while the East did not. The collapse, and the repeated attempts to reverse it, are major subjects of the historiography of the ancient world and they inform much modern discourse on state failure.
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Reading Passage: Make sure you look up the new words!
Big Bang
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
The Big Bang theory is the prevailing cosmological model for the early development of the universe. According to the theory, the Big Bang occurred approximately 13.82 billion years ago, which is thus considered the age of the universe. At this time, the universe was in an extremely hot and dense state and was expanding rapidly. After the initial expansion, the universe cooled sufficiently to allow the formation of subatomic particles, including protons, neutrons, and electrons. Though simple atomic nuclei formed within the first three minutes after the Big Bang, thousands of years passed before the first electrically neutral atoms formed. The majority of atoms that were produced by the Big Bang are hydrogen, along with helium and traces of lithium. Giant clouds of these primordial elements later coalesced through gravity to form stars and galaxies, and the heavier elements were synthesized either within stars or during supernovae.
The steady state universe theory
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
In cosmology, the Steady State theory is a now-obsolete theory and model alternative to the Big Bang theory of the universe's origin (the standard cosmological model). In steady state views, new matter is continuously created as the universe expands, thus adhering to the perfect cosmological principle.
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TOEFL iBT November 28, 2015: Speaking Question 1
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Your friend is going to a new school to study, what suggestions would you give him to help him blend in.
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TOEFL iBT November 28, 2015: Speaking Question 2
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Do you think scientists should be required to study certain fields or to study whatever that interests them?
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TOEFL iBT November 28, 2015: Speaking Question 3
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
The university is planning to make two changes to the summer course. The first change is to shorten the course from 8 weeks to 4 weeks. The second one is to reduce on-campus housing fee for students. In the listening, the man thinks it's a great idea. He mentions in his first reason that a lot of students didn't want to take the course because they wanted to spend time with their family or go traveling. Now that the course is shorter they can enjoy their vacation while not missing out on the course. The man took the summer course and he had a whole week before the course started to enjoy his vacation. As for the second reason, he points out that this way students get to save some money which is definitely a good thing for those with a limited budget.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
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TOEFL iBT November 28, 2015: Speaking Question 4
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
In the lecture, the professor talks about vertical migration which means sometimes marine animals move up and down the ocean to protect themselves from predators and look for food supply. He offers us an example to illustrate it. There's this kind of fish. They swim to the surface of the ocean at night to feed on a type of organism. They choose to swim to the surface of the ocean at this time of day because it's dark at night and it's almost impossible for the predators to locate them. But during the day, this kind of fish swim back to the bottom of the ocean to avoid predators. This means they have to travel between the bottom and the surface of the sea, but this way they get to survive.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
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TOEFL iBT November 28, 2015: Speaking Question 5
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
The man's problem is that he accidentally left his guitar back home, but he's got a concert in a couple of days he has to practice for. There are two possible solutions. The first one is to go back home and retrieve the guitar. And the second solution is to borrow his roommate's guitar. If I were in his shoes, I'd go for the second solution because I'm pretty sure his roommate would be glad to help him out, plus he still has some time to get familiar with his roommate's guitar. I personally don't recommend the other solution because it's too far and it means he has to use the time he's supposed to spend studying on the road. That's why in this case, I think the second solution is a much better option.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
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TOEFL iBT November 28, 2015: Speaking Question 6
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
In the lecture, the professor talks about two production costs that will affect the price of the products. The first one is delivery fee. For instance, if a car company has to deliver the cars to a location which is much closer to where the consumers are, that means they'll have to spend money on delivery, and that eventually will raise the price of the car. The second one is advertising fee. Companies need to spend money on publicity to make their products known to the public. For example, they advertise in magazine and on TV. And of course that costs money too. So it will increase the cost of production eventually as well.
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
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Word of the Day:
OBLIGATORY
(uh-BLIG-uh-tor-ee)
Required, necessary, binding, mandatory.
Obligatory duties are those you must perform to fulfill an obligation or
responsibility. Doing miscellaneous paperwork is an obligatory function of
the clerical worker.
Do not pronounce the initial o in obligatory like the o in open. Pronounce
it like the a in above.
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TOEFL iBT November 30, 2105- Speaking Question 1
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Which one of the following qualities do you think a good school should have; students who like to help each other, knowledgeable teachers or strict rules?
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TOEFL iBT November 30, 2105- Speaking Question 2
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT
Which one do you think is more important? The process of doing something or the result at the end?
@aalaeeTOEFLiBT